Theme: Geography — Development of the United States
Many important events in United States history have been influenced by
geography. Geographic factors or conditions include location, size, climate,
natural resources, and physical features. These events in turn have had political,
social, and economic impacts on the development of the United States.
Identify two important events in United States history and for each
• Describe how a geographic factor or condition influenced the event
• Discuss the political, social, and/or economic impacts of this event on the
development of the United States
You may use any important event that was influenced by geographic factors or conditions.
Some suggestions you might wish to consider include the Louisiana Purchase, the
construction of the Erie Canal, migration to California in the late 1840s, the Civil War, the
purchase of Alaska, the building of the transcontinental railroad, the acquisition of the
Philippines, the building of the Panama Canal, the creation of the Tennessee Valley Authority
(TVA), and the construction of the interstate highway system.
You are not limited to these suggestions.
In your essay, be sure to
• Develop all aspects of the task
• Support the theme with relevant facts, examples, and details
• Use a logical and clear plan of organization, including an introduction and a conclusion that
are beyond a restatement of the theme
In developing your answer to Part II, be sure to keep these general definitions in mind:
(a) describe means “to illustrate something in words or tell about it”
(b) discuss means “to make observations about something using facts, reasoning,
and argument; to present in some detail”